In Vitro (‘in glass’) Fertilization refers to a medical process of assisted reproductive technology used in the treatments of infertility. In this process, an egg from a woman’s ovaries is taken and combined with sperm outside the body and let it fertilize the egg in a liquid in a laboratory. The fertilized egg is then implanted into the woman’s uterus for establishing pregnancy.
The cost of IVF treatment in India can cost anywhere between Rs.65,000 and 3,00,000, depending upon various financial and geographical factors. The cost varies in different parts of the country with leading metropolitan cities providing facilities at comparative higher rates than the cities lesser financially affluent. The cost also depends upon the level of professional expertise and the success factors of service providers. This, invariably, does not include the medicine and investigations costs involved.
The best way to choose an IVF doctor is by choosing the best IVF hospital. The IVF hospital must have a team of professional experts and skilled specialists in the field of Surgery, Gynaecology, Embryology, Geneticists. The other factor is the success rate of the hospital in carrying out successful IVF procedures, which can only be ensured by experts in this field.
The IVF procedure is an obvious choice for the women who are not able to conceive naturally. The best age or the most appropriate age to achieve successful IVF procedures in women varies between their mid 20’s . After reaching her mid 30’s, a woman’s success rate steadily tends to decline.
The success rate of IVF in women depends upon their age factor. As per the guidelines of ICMR Bill, 2017, the upper age limit for women to get pregnancy is 45 years through assisted reproductive technology. The chances of achieving a healthy pregnancy and live birth is proportionate with the advancement in age. Live birth rates and miscarriage rates are favourable in women who undergo IVF treatement between their mid 20’s.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is offered to women who have blocked or missing fallopian tubes because the IVF procedures bypass the fallopian tubes. It is an Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) procedure for women with fallopian tube issues and such reproductive conditions as endometriosis, male factor infertility, and unexplained infertility. A fertility doctor reviews a patient’s history and assists them by providing the right treatment and diagnostic procedures as per their unique medical conditions.
While some research studies suggest a little higher occurrence of birth abnormalities in IVF-conceived results than the babies born with standard conception, this increase may be mainly due to factors other than the IVF procedure itself. It is imperative for a couple or a woman to understand the rate of congenital disabilities and other potential risks to the expectant mother’s reproductive health before getting started with the IVF treatments. The risk associated with normal birth and IVF is likely inherent.
One round of IVF cycle takes around four weeks, which is also considered the length of a woman’s normal ovulation cycle. The procedure starts after the initial fertility diagnosis is done. Fertility diagnosis includes assessing the ovarian reserve or egg quality, semen analysis, and uterine cavity examination.