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As medical experts, we understand the importance of Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH) test in determining female fertility. In this article, we will provide detailed answers to the most commonly asked questions about the AMH test.
What is Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH) Test?
The Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH) test is a blood test that measures the level of AMH in a woman’s blood. AMH is a hormone that is produced by the ovarian follicles hence the level of AMH in a woman’s blood can indicate the number of eggs in her ovaries, which is also known as her ovarian reserve.
What is Normal Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AHM) Levels?
The normal range for AMH level is 1.0 – 4.0 ng/ml for women of reproductive age.
What is Anti Mullerian Hormone Test Cost in India?
The cost of the Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) test in India may vary depending on several factors such as the location of the laboratory, the type of test (ELISA, RIA, or CLIA), and whether the test is conducted as part of a fertility assessment package or separately. Generally, the cost of the AMH test in India ranges from INR 500 to INR 4000 (approximately $7 to $55 USD).
How are Anti Mullerian Hormone and Female Fertility Connected?
The level of AMH in a woman’s blood is an indicator of her ovarian reserve, which is the number of eggs remaining in her ovaries. The higher the level of AMH, the greater the number of eggs remaining and the higher the likelihood of fertility. On the other hand, a low level of AMH may indicate a lower ovarian reserve and a decreased likelihood of fertility.
What is Anti Mullerian Hormone Levels or Anti Mullerian Hormone Range by age?
The AMH level can vary based on a woman’s age. In general, the Anti-Mullerian Hormone Levels can decrease when a woman ages. Here is a general guideline for the Anti Mullerian Hormone Range by age:
(Note: These are considered Anti Mullerian Hormone Normal Level)
- Under 30 years old: 2.0 – 6.8 ng/ml
- 30-34 years old: 1.6 – 6.4 ng/ml
- 35-39 years old: 0.9 – 5.1 ng/ml
- 40-44 years old: 0.2 – 4.0 ng/ml
What causes Low Anti Mullerian Hormone Levels?
Low Anti Mullerian Hormone causes can be attributed to various factors that affect the overall ovarian reserve and reproductive potential of women. Several factors can contribute to low AMH levels, including age, ovarian surgery, chemotherapy and endometriosis.
1. AGE OF THE WOMAN
One of the most significant factors that can cause low AMH levels is age. As women age, their ovarian reserve declines, which can lead to decreased production of AMH. This decline in ovarian reserve is a natural phenomenon that occurs as women approach their 30s and 40s. However, women over 35 years of age are more likely to have lower levels of AMH, which may affect their ability to conceive. So, in short Anti Mullerian Hormone & Fertility are interlinked.
2. OVARIAN SURGERY
Another factor that can lead to low AMH levels is ovarian surgery. Removal of an ovary or ovarian cysts can impact the ovarian reserve and reduce AMH levels.
Similarly, chemotherapy drugs used to treat cancer can damage the ovaries and cause a decline in AMH production, leading to decreased ovarian reserve and fertility potential.
Endometriosis is another medical condition that can cause low AMH levels in women. Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it and can damage the ovaries, leading to reduced ovarian reserve and lower AMH levels.
Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) may have higher levels of AMH due to an increased number of ovarian follicles. However, despite higher AMH levels, women with PCOS may still experience decreased oocyte quality and reduced fertility potential.
Symptoms of Low AMH
Low AMH levels do not cause any specific symptoms, but Anti Mullerian Hormone and fertility can be interlinked. Women with low AMH levels may have difficulty conceiving or may have an increased risk of miscarriage.
How to Increase Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) Levels?
There are several ways on how to increase anti mullerian hormone, These are:
- Natural supplements: Certain anti-oxidants and natural supplements like DHEA, CoQ10and vitamin D have shown the potential to increase AMH levels in some women.
- Diet and lifestyle changes: A diet rich in antioxidants, healthy fats, and protein can improve overall reproductive health and potentially increase Anti Mullerian Hormone. Regular exercise can also improve ovarian function and lead to increased AMH levels. Stress management techniques such as meditation and yoga can help reduce stress levels and improve overall reproductive health.
- Platelet-rich plasma- Platelet rich plasma or PRP is made from women’s blood and is rich in growth factors and it is injected inside the woman’s ovaries. Within a span of a few weeks it increases the ovarian reserve thus increasing AMH.
Best Low Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) Treatment
The best treatment for low AMH depends on the individual and the underlying cause. Some options include:
- Fertility treatments: various fertility treatments may help women with low AMH levels conceive, induction of ovulation and ovarian stimulation using hormonal injections are done for the same.
- Donor eggs: In some cases with very low AMH, where ovarian reserve and antral follicular count is extremely low using donor eggs may be the best option.
- Lifestyle changes: Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and managing stress levels can help improve overall reproductive health and may increase AMH levels.
Understanding the causes and symptoms of low AMH, as well as ways to increase AMH levels and the best treatments for low AMH, can help women make informed decisions about their reproductive health. If you have concerns about your AMH levels, consult with a medical professional to determine the best course of action for your individual needs and need for future fertility.